October 25, 2016 Published by

Quantum Contextuality

Contextuaily occupies a peculiar position in quantum theory, it is an even more fundament property than entanglement. Entanglement occurs in quantum systems that consist of space-like separated parts or—more generally—in systems whose observables belong to disjoint Hilbert spaces. The latter is the case for instance for spin, path and energy degree of freedom in the single-neutron systems, where entanglement and Contextuaily may coexist – but contextually does nor require entanglement in general. Apart from Bell’s theorem, there exists a second powerful argument against the possibility of extending QM into a more complete theory, namely the Kochen–Specker (KS) theorem. The KS theorem sets certain constraints on classes of hidden variable theories, more precisely non-contextual hidden variable theories, which try to explain the apparent randomness of quantum mechanics as a deterministic model featuring hidden states.


Confined Contextuality in Neutron Interferometry

November 9, 2017 Published by

Up to date alle experimental tests of quantum contextuality based on the Bell-Kochen-Specker (BKS) theorem have demonstrated that not all observables among a given set can be assigned non-contextual eigenvalue predictions, but have never identified which specific observables must fail to do so. We have now overcome this hurdle by demonstrating that BKS contextuality can be confined to particular observables by pre- and postselection, resulting in anomalous weak values obtained in neutron interferometry.


Experimental Tests of the Kochen-Specker Theorem

September 20, 2017 Published by

The Kochen-Specker (KS) Theorem sets constrains on hidden-variable theories which try to explain the randomness of quantum mechanics in terms of a as a deterministic theory. We perform experimental tests of the Kochen-Specker theorem based on an inequality derived from the Peres-Mermin proof, using spin-path (momentum) entanglement in a single neutron system. In our recent experiment we demonstrate localized quantum contextuality in a neutron interferometric experiment.


Bell’s Inequality Experiments

September 22, 2016 Published by

The remarkable discovery made by John S. Bell, namely that quantum mechanics cannot be counterfactual (definiteness of results prior to measurement) and local (physical objects are only influenced by its immediate surroundings) gave rise to a number of experiments probing the foundations quantum mechanics. We prepare our neutrons in a spin-path entangled state and measure correlations that arise between observables of otherwise independent degrees of freedom in the single neutron system in order to validate the presence of entanglement.


Greenberger–Horne–Zeilinger & W State Preparation

September 21, 2016 Published by

Greenberger–Horne–Zeilinger (GHZ) and W states represent two very different kinds of tripartite entanglement. We prepare entanglement between the spin, path, and (total) energy degrees of freedom, in a single-neutron system. We implemented a triply entangled GHZ–like states, as well as W states, and coherently manipulated relative phases of two-level quantum subsystems.


Geometric Phase in entangled Systems

November 29, 2014 Published by

The influence of the geometric phase on a Bell measurement expressed in terms of the Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt (CHSH) inequality, is observed for a spin-path-entangled neutron state in an interferometric setup. It is experimentally demonstrated that the effect of geometric phase can be balanced by a change in Bell angles. The geometric phase is acquired during a time-dependent interaction with a radiofrequency field. Two schemes, polar and azimuthal adjustment of the Bell angles, are realized and analyzed in detail.